Tonga Tonga History

The high island of Tonga is the last surviving Polynesian kingdom and geologically related to no other island, although it is much older.

Tongan is an Austronesian language closely related to Wallian and one of the oldest and least-modified languages in the world. It is the second - least - altered tongue of Tonga, after the Tongan language of New Zealand. There is a large number of languages and dialects, but also a wide range of cultural and ethnic groups.

Tonga had a long history of establishing sovereignty over Samoa, Futuna, Rotuma and Uvea and was influenced by other countries such as New Zealand, Australia and South Africa. Samoan origins are attributed to the King of Tonga, who declared the origin of the Tongan language and culture 2000 years ago. Stone tools made in Samoa were also widespread in the Pacific Islands and the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean in prehistoric times.

The Tongan stonemasons network is concentrated in Samoa and Fiji, with stone tools coming from Tonga, Futuna, Rotuma and Uvea, as well as Fiji and New Zealand. Based on geochemical analysis, there is an adze in every society that comes from every state. Stone tool sources on the Pacific Islands and in the Indian Ocean date back to the late Bronze Age.

For this reason, anthropologists call Tonga, Samoa, and Fiji the cradle of Polynesian culture and civilization. The case of Samoa is particularly noteworthy: historians report that the Tongans came from Samoa and therefore had to do with the beings of the South in their native Hawaii and Samoa. For these reasons, anthropologists call the Tongan culture of the Pacific Islands, especially Tonga, Fiji, and New Zealand, the "cradle of Polynesia."

O oral traditions, combined with cultural, linguistic and archaeological evidence, suggest that the Samoan influence and rule were felt and extended by the Tui Manu kings to rule over various groups of islands, including the islands that paid tribute to them, called Umiti.

Tonga is known for its long history, which has sparked great interest in what historians call the Tongan Empire. Tonga has been known since the time of the Tui Manu kings, who behaved in such a way that some historians referred to it as a "Tonga" (or "Tongan Empire").

The Lapita lived, sailed, traded, fought, married and lived for over 1,000 years on the islands that are now called Tonga, Samoa and Fiji, before other explorers set off east to discover the Marquesas, Tahiti and other islands. The Lapitas live, sail, trade, argue and marry, live and fight on an island that is now known as "Tonga," Samoa or Fiji, until further explorers set off east to discover the Marquesa Islands and other parts of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.

Archaeological evidence shows that the first settlers of Tonga originated from the original Austronesian-speaking Lapita migration, which came from Southeast Asia about 6,000 years ago. Archaeological evidence suggests that these first people settled on the island and probably came from Samoa or another group in Fiji. The first Austronesian-speaking groups, linked by an archaeological construct, the "Lapita Cultural Complex," reached and colonized Tonga between 1500 and 1000. BCE. Archaeological evidence shows that they sailed to Tong a few hundred years after the arrival of the Lapitas in the Marquesas, Tahiti and other islands from which they probably originated about 6000 years ago. Archaeological evidence shows the first settlers of Tonga sailed in a series of original Austronesians - the so-called Lapitas migrations - which led from S. E.Asia to the Pacific about 6,000 years ago.

The Tongans, however, have established a weaker bond with the Tonga than the Lapitas with the other Austronesian-speaking groups in the Pacific.

The most important of these is that the islands will not remain tied to the New Hebrides, but will also include New Zealand, Australia, New South Wales, South Africa and the United States.

Tonga, officially called the Kingdom of Tonga, is a country consisting of more than 150 islands in the Pacific Ocean off the west coast of South America. The International Date Line forms a loop around the islands, putting it one day ahead of Samoa, while Samoa is almost north of them. It is located about 2,000 km from the mainland and is the third route between New Zealand and Hawaii and is located south of Samoa. With a population of about 1.5 million people, the Royal Islands and a total area of 2.2 million square kilometres, the kingdom comprises more than 150 islands and is located on the eastern side of the South Pacific.

The J20 tomb has several sources, including the Tonga National Museum, the National History Museum of New Zealand and the Royal Islands Museum. It can be seen at its original location on the east side of the island, where the new land borders the old islands, as seen in the photo below, after the Hunga Tongan eruptions have passed.

More About Tonga

More About Tonga